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How to protect your heart in winter E-mail
Disease - Heart Diseases

How to protect your heart in winter

Dr Harinder Singh Bedi

Eating “sarson ka saag” and “makki ki roti” with a dollop of butter, gajjak, rewri and groundnuts, sitting around the fire, cuddling up in a warm blanket and — guess what — having a heart attack! This is something very common in winter.

In a study published in “Circulation” the journal of the American, Heart Association - researchers have found that the rate of heart disease-related deaths rises sharply between December 25 and January 7.

There is a combination of factors that increase the heart attack risk in winter:

Spasm of arteries:

When a person gets exposed to cold weather, the body’s automatic response is to narrow the blood vessels to the skin so that heat is retained . But for people who already have arteries filled with plaque, the narrowing of the blood vessels raises the risk that it will become blocked, triggering a heart attack. The problem is higher in India as we do not live in artificially regulated temperatures as in the West.

Increased blood pressure due to the narrowing leading to a strain on the heart: This has the effect of a double whammy - not only does the heart have to work harder but its blood supply is reduced. While this may be tolerated well by a normal heart, in a diseased heart it can precipitate an attack.

Thicker blood:

In cold weather, blood platelets appear to be more active and stickier and, therefore, more likely to clot. In fact, even the levels of cholesterol rise during winter.

Holiday feasting:

People tend to eat and drink more and gain more weight during the holiday season and winter months — all of which are hard on the ticker.

Unaccustomed exercise:

Every year on January 1 . millions of people join gyms as part of their New Year resolution to get in shape, and many may over-exert themselves too soon.

There is no doubt that exercise is good, but the exercise that the body is not prepared to handle is not good . Start an exercise regimen under the supervision of your doctor if you have heart disease risk factors. Beginning your new routine gradually is not only less taxing on your body, but also easier to stick to.

Increased stress hormones:

During the winter months, there is a change in the ratio of daylight hours to dark hours, which causes an increase of stress hormones such as cortisol.

Snow Shovelling:

Believe it or not, studies from Shimla show that heart attack rates jump dramatically in the first few days after a major snowstorm, usually a result of snow shovelling. One of my patients — a PT teacher at a boarding school in Shimla — suffered a heart attack as he was showing his NCC students how to work in the snow. Shovelling snow or any physical strenuous activity makes the heart work harder and raises your blood pressure.

Stressful Season:

Depression is not uncommon in winter. The holiday season for many people is a very stressful time due to family issues or financial pressure, causing anxiety, loneliness and depression and these are all linked to heart attacks. Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is caused by the lack of exposure to sunlight during the winter months.

Less daylight:

Less of sunlight in winters not only adds to depression but also lowers the levels of vitamin D (which comes from sunlight falling on the skin) - this by itself has been linked heart attacks.

Flu (Influenza):

Winter also raises your chances of getting the flu due to low humidity brought on by cold weather and indoor heating. A flu infection can cause blood pressure, stir up white blood cell activity and change C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels in the blood - all bad news for your heart. Flu and other respiratory disease in winter cause inflammation, which in turn make the plaque less stable and may dislodge it, contributing to heart attacks. If you come down with the flu, a cold or a cough, ask your doctor before taking any over-the-counter decongestant. Those containing pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine can raise blood pressure, which can increase your chances of having a heart attack.

Delay in seeking treatment:

The risk is higher during the holidays because people commonly delay seeking treatment for symptoms during this time of the year. I vividly remember a polite elderly patient in Sydney who apologised profusely for having “disturbed” me in the holiday season with a heart attack. So, does this mean you have to fear winter and huddle indoors all the time? Not at all ! The message is not to be afraid of the winter but to know that winter is a period of increased risk and you have to look for ways to minimise that risk.

So, during the winter, try to keep your heart healthy by keeping the following pointers in mind:

  • l Stick to your normal exercise plan.
  • l Avoid very early morning walks - wait for sunrise.
  • l Wear proper attire — a thermal inner, muffler, cap, warm socks and a jacket with hood are good investments to enjoy a healthy walk. For Sikh gentlemen, a turban offers good protection to the head and ears from the cold.
  • l Start slow - the cardiovascular system can adapt to slow and progressive changes, but it has a much more difficult time adapting to sudden changes.
  • l Have a proper trained gym instructor chart, a graded exercise programme for you . Don’t aim for an SRK-6 pack in a short time.
  • l Eat a prudent diet, low in saturated fats and calories. Nuts and dry fruits can be taken in moderation if one is not overweight. Avoid fatty, fried and non-vegetarian food.
  • l Avoid tobacco , coffee , tea or alcohol just to “warm you up” — the additional nicotine and caffeine put an increased stress on the heart . “Holiday spirits” also increase blood pressure and rhythm irregularity .
  • l Skip the frantic last minute shopping trip to the mall for buying New Year gifts. Plan well in time — gifting online is a good option.
  • l Stop and smell the roses. Don’t get stressed out about preparations — take time to enjoy celebrations with family and friends .
  • l Avoid gambling on New Year. It can be stressful, harming you both financially and health-wise
  • l Know and manage your blood pressure.
  • l Don’t ignore symptoms if you are not feeling well. Doctors on duty will not mind.
  • l “Let The Sunshine In” — Sit in the sun — this improves your levels of vitamin-D.
  • l Take your medication as recommended
  • l Do not postpone doctor’s visits.

The writer, Head of the Cardio-Vascular & Thoracic Surgery Department, CMC, Ludhiana, was earlier at the St Vincents Hospital in Australia and the Escorts Heart Institute , New Delhi.
Email: drhsbedicmc@gmail.com.

source - The Tribune - Chandigarh, Inida

Last Updated on Thursday, 30 December 2010 13:20
 
Uterus Fibroid E-mail
Disease - Others
Written by Dr. Vikas Mohan   
Friday, 24 December 2010 10:43

Uterus Fibroid

Uterus:

It is the pears shaped organ of reproductive system in females.It has 9 cm. length, approx 6.5cm. width.This is divided by two parts upper broad part is fundus of uterus and lower part is cervix of uterus.

It has three layers:

  1. Endometrium which is shed off during menstruation.
  2. Myometrium which is the muscular layer of uterus.
  3. Perimetrium it covers the uterus.

Uterus Fibroid

It is the innocent new growth arising in the myometrium.
This growth is occurs in the age of 30-40 years. and it is seen in the nulliparous women and unmarried girls.

Causes

The causes of this disease is obesity, Unnatural life style, Lethargyness life, junk food, cold drinks, preservatives & hormonal disturbance.

Symptoms

  • Menstrual disturbance i.e. profused bleeding and go on upto 7-8 days. And sometimes intermenstrual bleedng occurs in submucous fibroid.
  • weakness in holding the urine, oedema in legs, lower abdoman pain, white discharge, palpitation, & anemia,delayed pregnancy are the main symptom of this disease.

Naturecure Treatments of Uterus Fibroid

  • Hot and cold fomentation on lower abdoman
  • Mud Pack on lower abdoman
  • Veginal Douche of luke warm water and some times with Neem water.
  • Hot and cold Hip Bath 3 Min. Hot & 2 Min.Cold three times  .
  • Sitz Bath at the bed time.
  • Hot Mud pack on lower part of abdoman.
  • Cleansing of veginal part is very important. so for this never use the common toilets.

Yogasanas

  • Butterfly posture is a marvelous asana for this disease.
  • Shashankasana
  • Pavanmuktasana
  • Chakrasana
  • Dhanurasana
  • Vajrasana
  • Ustrasana
  • Bhujangasana
  • Pranayama
  • .Kapal Bhati Kriya is more effective
  • .Anulom Viloma
  • .Bhastrika Pranayama

Dietry Managment of Uterus Fibroid

"Diet is a Medicine" .In this disease the fasting on fruits and Juices for a few month is a right treatment .The size of fibroid can reduced by the daily intake of fresh wheat grass juice. Fresh green vegetable, salad and sprouts should added in daily routine diet. Aloevera juice is a effective remidies in this fibroid.If people wants to get rid off this disease then she should change the whole life style.

Last Updated on Thursday, 30 December 2010 13:15
 
खूब खाएं गाजर E-mail
Naturopathy - Food & Diet
Written by Parveen Kumar   

Carrot

खूब खाएं गाजर

गाजर के मीठे स्वाद के साथ आपको भरपूर मिनरल और विटामिंस भी मिलते हैं। इसमें विटामिन ए, बी, सी, कैल्शियम, पैक्टिन, फाइबर, एंटीऑक्सीडेंट, बीटा कैरोटिन, अल्फा कैरोटिन काफी मात्रा में पाया जाता हैं। जानिए गाजर के गुणकारी पहलू :

-रोजाना गाजर का जूस लेने से सर्दी जुकाम नहीं होगा। यह आपके प्रतिरक्षा तंत्र को भी मजबूत करता है।

-जूस से रक्त भी साफ होता है, जिससे मुंहासे नहीं होते। चेहरे पर लालिमा आती है।

-मिनरल और सिलिकॉन होने के कारण आंखों की रोशनी बढ़ती है।

-सलाद में गाजर खाने से शरीर में कैल्शियम बढ़ता है, जिससे हड्डियां मजबूत होती हैं।

-एनीमिया की आशंका भी कम होती है।

-इसके सेवन से मांसपेशियां मजबूत होती हैं।

-गाजर की सब्जी और सूप से पाचन शक्ति में इजाफा होता है।

-दिल से जुड़ी बीमारियां भी कम होती हैं।

-अगर आप कॉपर, आयरन, मैग्नीशियम, फॉस्फोरस और सल्फर की टेबलेट लेते हैं, तो बेहतर होगा कि गाजर खाएं।

-गाजर कैंसर को रोकने के साथ स्ट्रोक की आशंका को भी कम करती है।

-गाजर के रस में नमक, घनिया पत्ती, जीरा, काली मिर्च, नीबू का रस डालकर पीने से पाचन संबंधी गड़बड़ी दूर होती है।

 
Muscle Up Your Immunity PDF Print E-mail
Written by Parveen Kumar   
Tuesday, 26 October 2010 16:21

Muscle Up Your Immunity

 

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Staying healthy isn't just about using hand sanitizer and avoiding coughing co-workers.

 

It turns out some pretty surprising daily habits like how you fight with your husband or whether you stay up late for Letterman—can impact how well your body fends off colds, flu and other pesky bugs. Here's a list of science-backed tips to add to your stay-healthy arsenal today.

1. You Avoid the Water Cooler

Friendship may be Miracle-Gro for your immune system.

Research shows that the fewer human connections we have at home, at work, and in the community, the likelier we are to get sick, flood our brains with anxiety-causing chemicals, and live shorter lives than our more sociable peers. In one study, researchers who monitored 276 people between the ages of 18 and 55 found that those who had 6 or more connections were 4 times better at fighting off the viruses that cause colds than those with fewer friends.

What to do: Don't let a jam-packed workday or hectic schedule get in the way of your friendships. Stop by a co-worker's office for a quick Monday morning catch-up, or e-mail/text your friends at night to stay in touch when you're too busy for phone calls.

2. You Often Feel Tired

Scrimping on sleep has a powerfully detrimental effect on immunity.

The perfect example: college students who get sick after pulling all-nighters cramming for exams. Poor sleep is associated with lower immune system function and reduced numbers of killer cells that fight germs. In fact, University of Chicago researchers found that men who had slept only 4 hours a night for 1 week produced half the amount of flu-fighting antibodies in their blood (jump-started by a flu shot) compared with those who slept 7 1/2 to 8 1/2 hours.

What to do: Most adults need between 7 and 9 hours of uninterrupted rest every night, but how you feel in the morning and throughout the day may be a better gauge. If you're tired when you wake up in the morning, you're not getting enough—sleep, or maybe not enough quality sleep.

3. You Act Like Miss or Mr. Downer

Studies show that glass-half-empty types don't live as long as those who look on the bright side.
When pessimists put a more positive spin on the calamities in their lives, they have less stress and better health. A classic UCLA study found that law students who began their first semester optimistic about the experience had more helper T cells mid semester, which can amplify the immune response, and more powerful natural killer cells, than students who had a more pessimistic perspective. One reason could be that optimists take better care of themselves. It could also be due to less stress-related damage to the immune system, such as killer cells that suddenly become pacifists.

What to do: Personality is tough to change, look for reasons however small—to feel lucky every day. Sounds hokey, but try striking up a dinner table conversation with your family where you all share a couple of good things that happened every day.

4. You Bottle Up Your Moods

A constructive argument with your spouse can actually increase immunity, say UCLA researchers.
They asked 41 happy couples to discuss a problem in their marriage for 15 minutes. The researchers detected surges in blood pressure, heart rate, and immune-related white blood cells, all of which were similar to the benefits seen with moderate exercise. But you still have to play nice: Couples who frequently use sarcasm, insults, and put-downs have fewer virus-fighting natural killer cells, have higher levels of stress hormones, and take up to 40% longer to recover from injuries than those who manage to stay positive and affectionate during their quarrels.

What to do: Don't keep what's bothering you bottled up. People with type D personalies—those who keep their opinions and emotions hidden—have killer T cells that are less active than those found in more expressive peers.

5. You're Under the Gun

Chronic stress—the day-after-day kind you experience over job insecurity or a sick relative—takes a toll on many aspects of your health, including immunity.

There is compelling scientific evidence that this kind of stress (as opposed to the every-now-and- again kind from a bad day at work or a screaming match with your kid) causes a measurable decline in the immune system's ability to fight disease. Periods of extreme stress can result in a lower natural killer cell count, sluggish killer T cells, and diminished macrophage activity that can amplify the immune response. In fact, widows and widowers are much more likely to get sick during the first year after their spouse dies than their peers who have not experienced a major loss..

What to do: We're not going to tell you to take a bath or light a scented candle (unless those really help you relax, that is!). Do find go-to, healthy stress relievers that can take the edge off—be it a long run on the treadmill, a relaxing yoga class, or baking dessert just for fun. The important thing is that you unwind and recover from stress, since it's often hard to avoid in the first place..

6. You Don't Stash Pens in Your Purse

Having your own supply of dime-a-dozen plastic ballpoints might just keep you from picking up a virus.

Cold and flu germs are easily passed through hand-to-hand contact, says Neil Schachter, MD, a professor of pulmonary medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and author of The Good Doctor's Guide to Colds and Flu. Any way you can avoid touching public objects—such as the communal pen at the bank will cut your risk.

What to do: "When you get up in the morning, don't leave the house without a pen in your pocket or your purse," Schachter suggests. "Take your own wherever you go, and use it instead of the doctors, the delivery guy s, or the restaurant waiters"

 

7. You Drive Everywhere

One in four American women doesn't exercise at all and that's an easy way to set yourself up for sickness.

When researchers compared inactive people with those who walked briskly almost every day, they found that who didn't walk took twice as many sick days in 4 months as those who strolled regularly.


What to do: Experts say that it takes a 30 minutes of aerobic exercisea brisk walk counts to sweep white blood cells back into circulation, making your immune system run more smoothly.

8. Your Friends Smoke

We don't need to tell you that puffing ciggies is terrible for the entire body. But the secondhand kind is almost as harmful.

Each year, because of exposure to tobacco smoke, an estimated 3,000 nonsmoking Americans die of lung cancer and 300,000 children suffer from lower respiratory- tract infections. Secondhand smoke can trigger an asthma attack and aggravate symptoms in people with allergies. In addition, tobacco smoke has been shown to make asthma worse in preschool children and may even cause it.

What to do: Sounds obvious, but avoid secondhand smoke as much as you can including spending time with people while they smoke. Encourage anyone in your everyday life (husband, coworkers or neighbor friends) to quit.

9. You Always Reach for Antibiotics

Taking antibiotics at the first sign of a sniffle can make you resistant to these drugs over time, causing more serious infections.

Researchers found that certain patients taking antibiotics had reduced levels of cytokines, the hormone messengers of the immune system. When your immune system is suppressed, you're more likely to develop resistant bacteria or become sick in the future.

What to do: Take antibiotics only for bacterial infections, use them right away, and take the entire course. Don't use antibiotics preventively unless prescribed by your doctor, and don't save or share unfinished courses.

10. You're Little Miss Serious

Consider this a doctor's note to troll YouTube on your lunch break...

Researchers have found that the positive emotions associated with laughter decrease stress hormones and increase certain immune cells while activating others. In a study conducted at Loma Linda University School of Medicine, healthy adults who watched a funny video for an hour had significant increases in immune system activity.

What to do: Um, laugh more. You know how: Watch your favorite comedies, have lunch with a pal known for her funny bone, and read those silly forwards from friends before you auto-click "delete."


Disclaimer : The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions of this article. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the Writer/Sender.

The service is provided as general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor.

Last Updated on Thursday, 30 December 2010 13:14
 
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